Eastern pacific garbage patch

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Why is the world's biggest landfill in the Pacific Ocean?

eastern pacific garbage patch

The Great Pacific garbage patch, also described as the Pacific trash vortex, is a gyre of marine What has been referred to as the "Eastern Garbage Patch" lies between Hawaii and California, while the "Western Garbage Patch" extends.

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This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Leveled by. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2. Quotable Captain "So on the way back to our home port in Long Beach, California, we decided to take a shortcut through the gyre, which few seafarers ever cross. Fishermen shun it because its waters lack the nutrients to support an abundant catch.

Skip to content. Garbage patches are large areas of the ocean where litter, fishing gear, and other debris - known as marine debris - collects. There are five gyres in the ocean. Garbage patches of varying sizes are located in each gyre. Instead, the debris is spread across the surface of the water and from the surface all the way to the ocean floor. The debris ranges in size, from large abandoned fishing nets to tiny microplastics , which are plastic pieces smaller than 5mm in size.

Source: IMC Brokers. In the broad expanse of the northern Pacific Ocean, there exists the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre, a slowly moving, clockwise spiral of currents created by a high-pressure system of air currents. The area is an oceanic desert, filled with tiny phytoplankton but few big fish or mammals.
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The Great Pacific garbage patch , also described as the Pacific trash vortex , is a gyre of marine debris particles in the north central Pacific Ocean. An ocean current about 6, miles long, referred to as the Subtropical Convergence Zone, connects both of the patches, which extend over an indeterminate area of widely varying range, depending on the degree of plastic concentration used to define the affected area. Despite the common public perception of the patch existing as giant islands of floating rubbish, its low density 4 particles per cubic meter prevents detection by satellite imagery , or even by casual boaters or divers in the area. This is because the patch is a widely dispersed area consisting primarily of suspended "fingernail-sized or smaller bits of plastic", often microscopic, particles in the upper water column. The plastic concentration is estimated to be up to kilograms per square kilometer in the center, going down to 10 kilograms per square kilometer in the outer parts of the patch.

Great Pacific garbage patch

Jump to navigation. For NOAA, a national science agency, separating science from science fiction about the Pacific garbage patch and other garbage patches is important when answering questions about what it is, and how we should deal with the problem. - The area is an oceanic desert , filled with tiny phytoplankton but few big fish or mammals. But the area is filled with something besides plankton: trash, millions of pounds of it, most of it plastic.

Great Pacific Garbage Patch

Garbage patches in the ocean aren't piled-up islands of trash and debris, as is the common perception. But that doesn't mean the tiny, swirling plastic bits are nothing to worry about. This enormous rotating vortex has collected floating garbage from across the Pacific, but much of the debris can typically be found in the calm center of this rotating area, often referred to as the "eastern Pacific garbage patch. Its vast size and the small size of the trash left the garbage patch largely unnoticed until the early s, when Captain Charles Moore, head of the Algalita Marine Research Foundation , sailed through a rarely traveled area between Hawaii and the mainland. Over the course of a week, despite being hundreds of miles from land, Moore watched a continuous stream of plastic trash float by. Although fishermen and sailors have noted the debris in this area for years, it was Captain Moore who brought the area into the public sphere. While the garbage patch has received a lot of attention because of its size, it is not the only area where marine debris can be found: marine debris affects waters and coastlines around the world.

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the largest accumulation of ocean plastic in the world and is located between Hawaii and California. Scientists of The Ocean Cleanup have conducted the most extensive analysis ever of this area. It is located halfway between Hawaii and California. It is estimated that 1. More than half of this plastic is less dense than the water, meaning that it will not sink once it encounters the sea. The stronger, more buoyant plastics show resiliency in the marine environment, allowing them to be transported over extended distances.

Jump to navigation. It's the world's largest and deepest ocean , and if you gathered up all of the Earth's continents, these land masses would fit into the Pacific basin with a space the size of Africa to spare. While the Pacific Ocean holds more than half of the planet's free water, it also unfortunately holds a lot of the planet's garbage much of it plastic. But that trash isn't spread evenly across the Pacific Ocean; a great deal of it ends up suspended in what are commonly referred to as "garbage patches. In the Pacific Ocean, there are actually a few "Pacific garbage patches" of varying sizes as well as other locations where marine debris is known to accumulate. In most cases when people talk about the " Great Pacific Garbage Patch ," they are referring to the Eastern Pacific garbage patch. This is located in a constantly moving and changing swirl of water roughly midway between Hawaii and California, in an atmospheric area known as the North Pacific Subtropical High.

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