What caused the peloponnesian war

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6. The Causes of the Peloponnesian War: Ephorus, Thucydides and Their Critics

what caused the peloponnesian war

The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from until BC. The reasons for this war.

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Many excellent historians have discussed the causes of the Peloponnesian War BCE , and many more will do so in the future. Thucydides, however, wrote the most important contemporary chronicle of the war. Fought between the allies of Sparta and the empire of Athens , the crippling Peloponnesian War paved the way for the Macedonian takeover of Greece by Philip II of Macedon and, following that, Alexander the Great 's empire. Before the Peloponnesian War, the city-states poleis of Greece had worked together to fight off the Persians. During the Peloponnesian War, they turned on each other. In the first book of his history, participant-observer and historian Thucydides recorded the causes of the Peloponnesian War:.

The conflict was a long drawn out war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies. It convulsed Greece and changed the course of the Classical world. What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War? The origins of such a conflict are complex. The primary causes were that Sparta feared of the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence absent Persia's influence.

Written by GreekBoston. Once they succeeded in preventing Persian conquest, the two city-states did maintain their alliance. However, relations between them became strained because both city-states were strong, a fact which created tension between them. Since both city-states made strong alliances with other city-states, this war encompassed most of Greece. As this alliance grew, so did the strength of the Athenian city-state, largely because Athens started to use the League for its own gains.

Peloponnesian League victory. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. In the first phase, the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica , while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the Peloponnese and attempt to suppress signs of unrest in its empire. This period of the war was concluded in BC, with the signing of the Peace of Nicias. That treaty, however, was soon undermined by renewed fighting in the Peloponnese. In BC, Athens dispatched a massive expeditionary force to attack Syracuse, Sicily ; the attack failed disastrously , with the destruction of the entire force in BC. This ushered in the final phase of the war, generally referred to either as the Decelean War, or the Ionian War.

The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from until BC. The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea. By BC, when the League's treasury was transferred to Athens, the alliance had become an empire in all but name. Over the next two decades it began treating its fellow members as ruled subjects rather than partners, and fought several short wars to force members who wanted to leave the League to rejoin it. In BC, when Athens signed a treaty of mutual protection with Corcyra modern-day Corfu - one of the few other city-states with a major navy of its own - Sparta and its allies interpreted the move as an act of provocation.

Peloponnesian War

This war consisted of a series of conflicts and minor wars, such as the Second Sacred War., The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta , went to war with each other from to B. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece , favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age of Ancient Greece.

What were the causes of the Peloponnesian War?

Peloponnesian War , bce , war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece , Athens and Sparta. Each stood at the head of alliances that, between them, included nearly every Greek city-state. A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows. The Athenian alliance was, in fact, an empire that included most of the island and coastal states around the northern and eastern shores of the Aegean Sea. Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece , as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army. Further, the Athenians were better prepared financially than their enemies, owing to the large war chest they had amassed from the regular tribute they received from their empire.



First Peloponnesian War





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