Mastermind behind the holocaust

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Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi Who Planned Murder of Millions

mastermind behind the holocaust

This is a list of major perpetrators of the Holocaust. Name, Photograph, Date of birth, Date of death, Age at death, Role, Fate. Adolf Hitler · Bundesarchiv Bild.

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Adolf Eichmann was born in Solingen on 19 March Later the family moved to Linz, Austria, where Adolf Eichmann spent his youth. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he quickly rose through the ranks. Adolf Eichmann, Master of Death. In Austria, Eichmann brought together all the bureaucratic agencies needed for Jewish expulsion.

Reinhard Heydrich was the high-ranking Nazi official in charge of planning Hitler's "Final Solution," which established the framework for the extermination of six million Jews in Europe.
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His protests that he was a foreman at a nearby Mercedes-Benz factory were ignored by the Mossad agents who had spent 15 years following a trail from the ruins of Nazi Germany. Eventually Klement admitted his real name was Adolf Eichmann. Eichmann had slipped away in the chaos at the end of the Second World War, hiding in Austria under a series of aliases before escaping with his family to Argentina. Sedated and disguised as a flight attendant, Eichmann was smuggled to Israel. On May 23, , prime minister David Ben-Gurion announced his arrest to the world. The gripping trial gave Holocaust survivors a voice and opened the eyes of the world to the horrors of concentration camps such as Auschwitz.

Trial of a monster: How justice caught up with evil Nazi mastermind behind holocaust

Holocaust survivors recall life in death camps

List of major perpetrators of the Holocaust

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First commander of SS Division Totenkopf , which became notorious for its war crimes. Commandant of Bergen-Belsen. Responsible for the Grossaktion Warsaw , the single most deadly operation against the Jews in the course of the Holocaust in occupied Poland, which entailed sending between , and , men, women and children aboard overcrowded Holocaust trains to Treblinka. Leading figure in the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Oversaw the activities of the Einsatzgruppen detachments that perpetrated the Holocaust in the Baltic States.

Responsibility for the Holocaust

Responsibility for the Holocaust is the subject of an ongoing historical debate that has spanned several decades. The debate about the origins of the Holocaust is known as functionalism versus intentionalism. Intentionalists such as Lucy Dawidowicz argue that Adolf Hitler planned the extermination of the Jewish people as early as , and that he personally oversaw its execution. However, functionalists such as Raul Hilberg argue that the extermination plans evolved in stages, as a result of initiatives by bureaucrats who were responding to other policy failures. The debate has settled to a large degree as historians have conceded that both positions have merit. The primary responsibility for the Holocaust rests on Hitler and the Nazi Party leadership, but operations to persecute Jews, Gypsies, and others were also perpetrated by the Schutzstaffel SS , the German military , ordinary German citizens as well as by collaborationist members of various European governments, including their soldiers and civilians alike. A host of factors contributed to the environment under which atrocities were committed across the continent, ranging from general racism including antisemitism , religious hatred, blind obedience, political opportunism, coercion, profiteering, and xenophobia.

Adolf Hitler surrounded himself with a small clique of fanatical, ruthless henchmen - a violent group of outsiders who rose to power in the Third Reich and established political and economic institutions of legitimized terror. These masterminds of death were found to be quite psychologically normal. They were men of fine standing, husbands who morning and night kissed their wives, fathers who tucked their children into bed. But murders , brutalities, cruelties, tortures, atrocities, and other inhuman acts were an everyday occurrence Adolf Hitler's SS men wore black uniforms with a skeleton's head on their hats, the motto Unsere Ehre heisst Treue on their belts and their symbol was the double S-rune. They had sworn eternal faith to Hitler and they were his most ruthless henchmen, men often seen as the very personifications of evil. After the defeat of the Nazi Empire, the apprehended henchmen and collaborators were brought to trial in Nuremberg.

And, as this brief but exemplary biography by a distinguished German journalist reminds us, by far the Naziest Nazi too. He was 'the blonde young God of death'; the evil initiator of the Holocaust, outdoing even Hitler and his immediate boss Himmler in his zeal for mass, racially inspired murder. One seeks in vain for redeeming features. Apart from physical courage and fitful fondness for his children, there were none. Heydrich was inhumanly cruel, ruthless, devious, humourless, a hour-a-day workaholic who was feared and loathed even by his own closest colleagues. When British-trained Czech patriots assassinated him in Prague in , in the fiefdom he ruled so brutally, he was mourned by almost no one.

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